I’m going to write a series of posts to discuss farmer suicide reasons to length and breadth. Alongside would try to find some solutions to this problem.
I came across various assumptions, facts and hypocrisy about the causes of farmer suicides. It is really very sad on the part of Bharat Sarkar (GOI) and state governments that they have not yet dug into the roots of the issue. They are busy creating a feel good environment by declaring loan waiver, subsidies and some immediate help. The government will go to the victims house will declare Rs. 100000/200000 or whatever moderate amount enough for a year or two. If that is the case then why not to give such money in advance than later?
Basically we, as responsible citizens, need to question the government and representatives about the suicide reports and reasons of suicide. If a single farmer suicide in NY, USA makes whole country upset and does a primary study with suggestions, then why we, Bharatiya, don’t consider this? Aren’t we aware of that more than 200000 (2 lakh) farmers have committed suicide since 1995?
There were more than 16400 suicides in the year of 2008 amidst all loan waivers and subsidies. And after the bad 2009 the number is supposedly uncontrolled.
(Being a farmer) Here is what I think about the reasons of farmer suicides:
- Consistently failing crops
- Costly and less productive seeds (BT/GM?)
- Water scarcity
- (forced) Chemical fertilizers usage
- Electricity problems
- Large cost of seeding and cultivation
- Panchnama (Inspection) by government officials after natural/man made calamity
- Transport problems
- Storage and Preservation problems.
- Fluctuating rates (at the hands of dalals/agents) of farm produce
- Insufficient food processing facilities
- Politics of agriculture
- GM/BT effect
- Missing guidance and proper planning (???)
- Commercialization (???)
I’ll try to elaborate each and every point with evidences and possible statistics. Will also try to get some testimonials of farmers in following few posts.
Please send me your comments, suggestions and corrections…