Continuing from the PART-1. Warning a long post.
“Inquisition” was the court:[Ref: pg80 of Crimes against India]
Established by catholic government for search of and punishing the heretics. This justification for cruelty, mercilessness and corruption was called “Holy Office”. The judge appointed was not accountable to anyone except Lisbon and was free to fix the punishment as he deemed fit. The inquisition had been established in Spain in 1481, Portugal in 1541 and Goa in 1560. Not only Hindus but Syrian Christians too were targeted in this inquisition.
Francis Xavier could not live to see the fruits of his request to King for “Goa Inquisition”. The inquisitors came and started installing their barbaric law to dissuade Hindus from their faith.[Ref]
The first act was to forbid any open practice of Hindu faith like marriage, worship.
- Orphan Hindu children were taken up by state for the upbringing under catholic practices.
- Hindus were obliged to attend periodic preaching in the church.
- In order to increase the converts count the bishop used force to feed beef to the Hindus which would leave the person with the only option to convert into Christianity.
- Hindus were deprived off employment with Portuguese.
- Fasting was prohibited,
- Bathing before cooking forcibly stopped,
- Wearing Dhoti by men and Choli by women was not possible.
- Christians were not allowed to work under or to employ Hindus in any circumstances.
Christians first converted Hindus and then banned the converts from working under Hindu farm owners in order to isolate the local Hindus socially and economically. But those who succumbed to pressure and accepted Christianity awarded with 15 years of tax exemption, good official jobs.
The orders to torture, frighten and reduce Hindu populace were introduced at regular intervals by Royal Decree. First in 02 April 1560 then in 27 November 1563 followed by regular enactments in 03 April 1582, 13 March 1612 and 31 January 1620. These all barbaric inhumane proselytizing activities were supported by Lisbon as long as they were able to expand Portugal kingdom.
In 1566 under the plan to torture Hindus Viceroy Antano de Noronha issued an order applicable to the entire area under Portuguese rule.[Ref]
“I hereby order that in any area owned by my master, the king, nobody should construct a Hindu temple and such temples already constructed should not be repaired without my permission. If this order is transgressed, such temples shall be, destroyed and the goods in them shall be used to meet expenses of holy deeds, as punishment of such transgression.” [So much in the name of secularism, equality, tolerance?]
Missionaries did not stop at forcible conversions but led to iconoclasm. Prior to them barbaric Muslim invaders destroyed so many temples and built mosques out of it. Then these Christian missionaries carried forward the legacy with more vigor and hate.
In 1567 the campaign of destroying temples in Bardez met with success, at the end of it 300 Hindu temples were destroyed. In 1583 Hindu temples at Esolna and Kankolim were destroyed through army action.
In June 1684 they issued an order to eliminate Konkani language from Goa. This resulted in the total cleansing of natives. Natives lost their faith, land, symbols and now language. Those who spoke Konkani, even in private, were dealt with toughly.
“The post of Inquiry Commission in Goa is regarded as Holy.” So no one except Lisbon which is a Catholic rule can question the commission’s decision at any point.
Big House used from 1560 by Inquiry Commission:
It is a palace where inquisition was conducted behind closed doors. It had 200 cells for prisoners and tools of torture to inflict pain on the idolaters and force them to accept true religion of love, Christianity. Those who would die in jail were buried and later exhumed and carried along with the prisoners condemned to death to burn in “auto da fe“, a ritual fire to burn all sacrilegious things/objects.
Glimpse of torture by Inquisition:
Eyelids were sliced off and extremities were amputated carefully, a person could remain conscious even though the only thing that remained was his torso and head.
- Daughters raped and sons killed in front of their parents and parents couldn’t even close eyes since eyelids were sliced.
- Huts were burnt of those converts who would resort back to worshiping ways of their fathers.
- Arms tied behind and strung up by wrist to keep hanging for hours to suddenly drop near floor only to pull back quickly to dislocate joints.
- Water torture, where prisoner was laid across iron bar and made to ingest water non-stop. This would create pressure on stomach and sometimes they would beat stomach with stick till it would burst.
- Torture by fire: Hung over fire to be roasted alive with animal fat coated on feet to ignite and burn feet.
- Metallic glove to roast the hand over fire. Some tools to break legs and shins.
- Disemboweling a person of the rack. Sharp knives to cut off ears of one’s head.
- An instrument to tear the women’s breast from her body.
- Women were put into jail for resisting their bestial instincts and burnt alive as heretics after raping them in jail.
- Idols of respect were kicked and broken in order to insult Hindus.
Sasetti, who was in Bharat from 1578 to 1588, wrote [Ref]
“The fathers of the Church forbade the Hindus under terrible penalties the use of their own sacred books, and prevented them from all exercise of their religion. They destroyed their temples, and so harassed and interfered with the people that they abandoned the city in large numbers, refusing to remain any longer in a place where they had no liberty, and were liable to imprisonment, torture and death if they worshiped after their own fashion the gods of their fathers.”
In 1684 Qualificadors were appointed by Portuguese Catholic rulers of Goa to examine all the literature in Marathi, Konkani and Sanskrit.
Qualificadors had submitted the report against Galileo for presenting the theory of “Stationary Sun”. For which Galileo faced heretical charges from Church in 1616.
This was to make sure that nothing is written against Catholic faith. A list of prohibited books was maintained and scores of such books were burnt as and when found while punishing the possessor. Catholics were at par with the barbarian attacks by Muslim invaders. Muslim invader burnt Nalanda University Library for not having any copy of Quran whereas Catholics here burnt literature with fear of anti catholic writing.
Alexandre Herculano wrote in book “Fragment About the Inquisition“:
The terrors inflicted on pregnant women made them abort… There were days when 7-8 were submitted torture.
A French traveler Gabrial Dellon mentions in his book L’Inquisition de Goa published in 1687[Ref];
He was an eye witness to the atrocities, cruelty and reign of terror unleashed by priests. While he was in jail he had heard the cries of tortured people beaten with instruments having sharp teeth.
After British stationed their troops in Goa the brutalities came to a halt finally with British pressure. The Big house was demolished to remove all traces of barbarian tortures by catholics on non-catholics and secret Hindus. And the person Francis Xavier is still worshiped for what, his gift of Inquisition?
There is no official account of victims of the brutality by Portuguese Christians since all the records destroyed after closing the Goa Inquisition in 16 June 1812. But imagine the lives taken by brutal torture in the name Jesus for 262 years without any murmur of regression from Portuguese rulers and Christians. The number could be in hundreds of thousands since 262 years definitely means big population.
In June 1897 Archbishop of Evora said in Cathedral:
“The inquisition was infamous tribunal at all places. But the infamy never reached greater depths, nor was more vile, more black and more completely determined by mundane interests than at the tribunal of Goa, by irony called the Holy Office. Here inquisitors went to the length of imprisoning in its jails women who resisted their advances, and after having satisfied their bestial instincts there, ordering that they be burnt as heretics.”
Dr. Trasta Breganka Kunha, a Catholic citizen of Goa writes[Ref]
“Inspite of all the mutilations and concealment of history, it remains an undoubted fact that religious conversion of Goans is due to methods of force adopted by the Portuguese to establish their rule. As a result of this violence the character of our people was destroyed. The propagation of Christian sect in Goa came about not by religious preaching but through the methods of violence and pressure. If any evidence is needed for this fact, we can obtain it through law books, orders and reports of the local rulers of that time and also from the most dependable documents of the Christian sect
Even today Vatican has not rendered apology like it did to Galileo for the agony inflicted on him.[Ref]
This inquisition to me is “The bloodiest state sponsored terrorism in the name of Christianity”.
The question is why our books don’t teach us bitter truth? Why are we deprived off the true history and instead fed with disillusions of colonial British? The nation which welcomed all with open arms today too remains in the despair for the mistakes of few greedy fools, when are we going to learn to self respectful.
There is this teaching in Vedas, which we have forgotten unfortunately:
धर्मो रक्षति रक्षितः
(Dharma protects those who protect it)
For the nation which forgets history, HISTORY repeats itself for them. Period. If you don’t trust this just look at the Kashmir issue 1990, Deganga riots 2010, Baraily riots 2010.
Zimler’s book “Guardian of the Dawn” talks in details about Goa Inquisition. His interview “Goa Inquisition was most merciless and cruel“.
Related Post: Goa Inquisition – Onset of Bloodiest Conversions by Christians Part I and Goa Inquisition – Resistance by Hindus Part-III and Christian Seculars and Fact about name “India”
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P.S. All occurrences of India are replaced with Bharat except book names.