Krishi Desh

For Bharat and Bharati

Archive for November, 2009

Shilpa Shetty’s Wedding and Dance of death

Posted by संदीप नारायण शेळके on November 24, 2009


This post is being written to keep the world updated about the daily farmer suicide cases in Bharat. Today and Yesterday mainline media was busy covering Shilpa’s wedding (indeed a very important incident, because she getting married has very relation with TRP) in full limelight, while farmers across nation were pleading for help and died leaving family in deep darkness.

The information is in reverse chronological order:

The farmer from Vai commits suicide because of loan burden(as per the statement in letter left behind) 22 Nov 2009

शुक्रवारी रात्री या गोळ्या खाल्ल्यानंतर शनिवारी पहाटे ते मृतावस्थेत आढळले. आपण कर्जाला कंटाळून आत्महत्या करीत असल्याचे त्यांनी एका चिठ्ठीत लिहून ठेवले होते.

मांढरदेवच्या पायथ्याला पिराची वाडी गावात राहणाऱ्या तानाजी पोळ यांनी वाईच्या ज्ञानदीप को-ऑप बँक आणि चैतन्य अर्बन बँकेकडून घरबांधणी आणि जीप खरेदीसाठी कर्ज घेतले होते. सुरूवातीला शेतीतून मिळणाऱ्या उत्पन्नातून त्यांनी दोन्ही बँकांच्या कर्जाचे हफ्ते नियमित भरले होते. मधुमेह आणि इतर आजारांनी ग्रासलेल्या तानाजी यांची औषधोपचार आणि घरखर्च भागवताना परवड होत होती. कर्जाचे हफ्ते आणि त्यात अवेळी आलेल्या पावसात झालेल्या पिकांच्या नुकसानीमुळे त्यांनी आत्महत्या केली.

Name: Tanaji Pol (50)

Address: Mandhardev, Pirachi wadi, Vai Tehsil

Commited suicide because of the loan repayment burden.

The suicide by a farmer in Orissa on 22 Nov 2009.

This farmer, Krupasindhu Pal (45) of Naraharipur village, committed suicide for mere Rs.30000/-. What a shame on us (GOI)?.

In Bharat a salaried person gets a car loan or home loan at about 8-10% per annum. Whereas the farmer gets the loan for his crops around 12-14%. Why so?

Here government claims they give loans @4% per annum but actually while it reaches to the farmer the rate soars to 10-13% (more but not less).

Isn’t this a pre-planned massacre of farmers to wipe them out and establish SEZs and industries like reliance and tata?

Two Farmer’s Commit Suicide in Yavatmal District, Maharashtra 21 Nov 2009

1. आर्णी तालुक्‍यातील पांगरी येथील शेतकरी देवसिंग सवाई जाधव (वय 60) [Kai. Shri Devsingh Savai Jadhav At/Post Pangari, Arni Tehsil]

2. राळेगाव तालुक्‍यातील लाडकी येथील भास्कर मांडवकर [Kai. Shri. Bhaskar Mandavkar At/Post Ladaki, Ralegao Tehsil]

There was around Rs 30000 loan on both of them (as per the source)

Seven Farmers Commit Suicide in last week because of natural calamities and careless government of Maharashtra 20 Nov 2009

यवतमाळ जिल्ह्यातील आणीर् तालुक्यातील जवळा या गावात तर एक दिवसाआड दोन शेतकऱ्यांनी आत्महत्या केल्या. येथील ५० वषीर्य अल्पभूधारक कर्जबाजारी शेतकरी बाबूसिंग राठोड यांनी विष घेऊन आत्महत्या केली. याबाबत गावात हळहळ व्यक्त होत असताना दुसऱ्याच दिवशी याच गावातील कुणाल मनोहर गुल्हाने या २१ वषीर्य शेतकऱ्याने आत्महत्या केली. राळेगाव तालुक्यातील विजया येलुरे, उमरखेड तालुक्यातील नारळी येथील कैलास लाकडे, मुकुटबन येथील लक्ष्मण चेलपेलवार आणि मधुकर गड्डमवार, दिग्रस तालुक्यातील मांडवा येथील सुवालीबाई कानावत यांनीही सततची नापिकी आणि कर्जबाजारीपणाला कंटाळून आत्महत्या केली

District Yavatmal

Name                                                     Village

  1. Babusingh Rathid                    Jawala, Tehsil Arni
  2. Kunal Manihar Gulhane          Jawala, Tehsil Arni
  3. Vijaya Yelure (Female)           Ralegoan
  4. Kailas Lakade                           Narali, Tehsil Umarkhed
  5. Laksham Chelpelvar                Mukutban
  6. Madhukar Gaddamvar            Mukutban
  7. Suvalibai Kanavat(Female)        Mandava, Tehsil Digras

The main reason for these suicides are continuous non-yielding crops and loans.

Tale of a farmer’s suicide told for the people of Manipur 16 Nov 2009

Clutching on to the framed photograph of his late father, 6-year old Mukendra stood near the doorstep, unperturbed, by the presence of the camera flashing news hunter team around him, even as his grandmother wept silently recounting once again how her son Hanumanthu (36) ended his life

What are we doing?

Your comments and additions are welcome. Please awake and make a resolution that we will help at least one farmer, over the period of our life time, to get out of the dangers of loan and natural adversaries in lieu of the food we eat.

Jai Hind!

Posted in Agriculture of Bharat | Tagged: , , , , , | 11 Comments »

History of Agriculture in Bharat

Posted by संदीप नारायण शेळके on November 21, 2009


I was sitting at home an evening after having hard day at work and surfing through news channels on TV to update myself. One of news caught my attention, that, ‘Toor Dal’ is now Rs. 110/kg. I was shocked and the same ways got serious about the monthly budget of poor families. Then I decided to dig into the agricultural scenario in Today’s and Ancient Bharat. And this is a first post on those lines.

*** The excerpts from Shri. V V Bedekar’s  Agriculture in Ancient Bharat ***

Agriculture was a part of the whole system. A non-agricultural section of the society was equally responsible for agriculture and those who were involved in agricultural operations were equally accountable to the non-agricultural happenings in the society. Every trade or vocation was important and complementary to each other. The concept of India as a purely agricultural country is also far from truth, and is just a product of modern ldealogical theory and jargon of economics. All ancient Indian literature and historical evidence goes contrary to this belief and suggests India as a very powerful agricultural as well as commercial and industrial power on the earth prior to the advent of the British. There are innumerable references to Indian products all kinds exported to all parts of the world. I quote below a few glaring examples which speak for themselves.

In the early days of the Christian era (lst century A.D. – say about 2000 years before) Roman women’s passion for Indian cloth was so intense that they decorated themselves in seven folds of Indian muslin (called ‘Nubula’ by the Romans) and paraded in the streets, which brought an embarassing situation to the city fathers and the Roman Senate had to intervene and put an embargo on the import of that fine stuff from India. Pliny, a Roman writer, complained in the early 2nd century A.D. that “… in no year does India drain our empire of less than 550 millions of sesterces”, whicb was approximately equivalent to about pounds 1,400,000 in the 19th century. Another author has noted that in the year of Aurelian, i.e., around the latter half of the third century A.D., this cloth was worth its weight in gold. The Indian exports to Europe of all commercial and agricultural products were much higher at the time of tbe arrival of the British than in the post-British period. Peter the Great of Russia (1682-1725 A.D.) considered the commerce of India as the commmerce of the world, and ….. be who can exclusively control this is the dictator of Europe. While Indian exports were so high, Europe almost had nothing to sell to India except bullion. The East India Co., which was chartered in 1600 A.D. used to send to India pounds 400,000 to pounds 500, 000 a year to buy Indian goods for exports before 1757 A.D. It was in 1757 A.D. that the Battle of Plassey was fought and the victorious British started extending their tentacles in India. I quote Sir George Bidwood, who observes-

The whole world has been ceaselessely pouring its bullion for 3000 years into India to buy products of her industries.

It is said, history repeats itself. The drain of British bullion was so painful and again tbe Indian textiles, which had become very popular in England became the victims of enactments for their prevention from entry into England.William III of England in 1700 A.D. prohihited the entry of Indian textiles by imposing a fine of pounds 200 to the wearer or the seller of Indian silk and calico.

*** Excerpts from India Once Plentiful….***

“Between 1762 and 1766 there were villages which produced up to 12 tons of paddy a hectare. This level of productivity can be obtained only in the best of the Green Revolution areas of the country, with the most advanced, expensive and often environmentally ruinous technologies. The annual availability of all food averaged five tons per household; the national average in India today is three-quarters ton. Whatever the ways of pre-British Indian society, they were definitely neither ineffective nor inefficient.”

……

The Chengalpattu data was a Godsend for the Centre, and has allowed them to support many of their central theories about pre-British India. The accounts detail a complete economic, social, administrative and religious picture of the society. Every temple, pond, garden and grove in a locality is listed, the occupation, family size, home and lot size of 62,500 households meticulously recorded. Crop yields between 1762-66 are tallied. Per capita production of food in this region (which is of average fertility) was more than five times that achieved on average today.

….

The British government changed this system. In some areas they calculated a percentage figure of total tax revenue going to the institutions and fixed it as a dollar amount, in 1799 dollars. Some institutions still receive this same government allotment–worth next to nothing today. Others became owners of the land from which a share of production once came. This introduced its own set of problems, also still with us today, where temples are unable to collect the rent. The collective result was that the great religious and cultural institutions of the 18th century decayed and lost touch with the community. The British taxes were so high there was no money left to support the administration or cultural establishments. School teachers, musicians, dancers, and keepers of the irrigation works, moved away, or took to farming. By 1871, 80% of the area was engaged in agriculture (up from less than 50% earlier), and many of the services and industrial activities that dominated the Chengalpattu society of the 1770s ceased to exist. The value of the Centre’s research is obvious: India, and Hinduism with it, flourished in the not-so-distant past–without the Green Revolution or the Industrial Revolution or the Worker’s Revolution. Shri Dharampalji, Shri Bajaj and their associates want India to look back at this time, dissect and understand it, and use that indigenous knowledge to reinvigorate the world’s largest democracy.

So I’m now compelled to realise that all that we have today is far less in proportion with what we had. And we need to learn our history very keenly to restore the self respect and faith in Bharat.

Some  interesting links:

The Mode of Production Debate Revisited

Welcome your views and comments. Also add any information that you might have.

Jai Hind!

Posted in Indian Agriculture, Pre-British Agriculture, Pre-Islam Agriculture | Tagged: , , , , , , | 9 Comments »

 
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